These snails were introduced as a food reserve for the American Military during the Second World War and escaped which means they are classed as a pest in U.S.A and surrounding countries, as they tend to live in the agricultural areas and destroy a lot of their crops.
Giant African Land Snails Acnatina fulica homes are their shells, which are conical in shape, mainly brown in colour with stripes and will grow to about 7cm high and 20cm or more in length. They will eventually reach the size of an adult’s hand. They move around using their muscular foot which is where the mouth and teeth (known as radula) are attached.
These snails are known as herbivores which means that they eat a wide range of plant material as well as fruit and vegetables and the occasional digestive biscuit. In captivity they have to be fed on cuttlefish this helps to keep their shell strong, but if they were in the wild they would eat small stones and even bones from carcasses for their calcium intake.
These creatures are nocturnal, so will tend to stay buried underground during the day. Giant African Snails are hermaphrodites which means that they have both male and female organs therefore in order for them to breed they can easily switch sex (Who says you need a man!) and courtship can take between 2 to 12 hours. They produce nests of little round white eggs laying a clutch of 200 at a time and up to 1200 eggs in a year.