Despite their name, the Japanese Quail Coturnix japonica can be found all across eastern Asia and Russia, and can even be found as far from Japan as Madagascar and Turkey.
As with many birds, the male and females are very distinct from one another. While both are predominantly tawny and creamy brown in colour, the female is flecked with darker spots of colour. The male has a darker breast, usually reddish brown in colouration, and has darker spots on the cheeks as well.
They are found of dust baths, which involves the quail loosening the soil with its legs or beak, then using their wings to toss the dust in the air and ruffling its feathers as the dust falls to ensure the dust coats all of its wings. This ensures that the feathers are kept clean and free of parasites.
Did you know?
They have a very poor sense of taste, and whenever they are moving towards something, they need to bob their head to keep the object they are looking at in focus.