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Order:

Rodentia

Family:

Sciuridae

Group:

Tamias

Lifespan:

2 to 4 years

Gestation:

31 days, 4 to 5 young

Distribution:

North America

Habitat:

Forest and thick woodland

Diet:

Nuts, fruit, seeds and berries

Conservation Status:

Least Concern
Facts

Chipmunks Tamias striatus are part of the ground squirrel family and they have reddish-brown fur on their upper parts with 5 dark brown stripes and contrasting light brown stripes along their back, with light under parts they have a tawny stripe that goes from their whiskers to below their ears and light stripes over their eyes and their tail is dark. They prefer locations with trees (as they can and do climb them) rocky areas and shrubs, they will then create underground burrows lining them with leaves, rocks, sticks and any other materials to live in. These burrows will have multiple entrances which they cleverly disguise by carrying dirt in their cheeks from other areas to help protect themselves, as they are an easy prey species therefore they hide in their burrows for long periods of time, so they create a storage area within their burrow to store food.

They are mainly active during the day spending most of the day foraging for food to store for winter for when they enter into a form of hibernation known as torpor, which means that they become less active which can last for long periods of time without food but do not truly hibernate. They have two breeding seasons one from February to April and the other being June to August whereby they can have up to 4-5 young at a time.

 

Did you know?

They communicate with each other by making several high pitched chipping noises to one another hence this is how they got their name.