Leopard geckos Eublepharis macularius are nocturnal creatures spending most of the day hidden under rocks or in dry burrows to escape the daytime heat, emerging at dusk to hunt insects. Geckos are normally cream to yellow in colour with black spots and/or stripes (just like a leopard) they grow to a length of 6 to 11 inches. At birth a Leopard gecko's markings are different from those of an adult. The skin has no spots, instead large dark bands and intermittent light yellow bands cover the body from head to tail. These bands fade within one year.
Unlike other lizards they have eyelids this helps them to keep their eyes clean and to avoid getting particles or dust in their eyes. Leopard Geckos moisten and clean their eyes with their tongues. (How clever are they!) Unlike other species of gecko, Leopard geckos have small claws instead of adhesive toe pads.
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If the gecko is in any danger they have the ability to drop their tail by the muscle base whereby the tail constricts and snaps off this is known as the caudal process, leaving the snapped tail behind for the predators so that they can make their escape. They are then able to grow a new one and it will start off as a pink cone shaped stump and can take up to 9 months but it can differ from their original one in that it’s colour may not be the same and they could have spots instead of stripes and it may appear to be more bulbous, but this can vary in all geckos depending on their original markings.