Goats Capra hircus were the first animals domesticated by man, and there are over 200 breeds. Approximately only 12% of goats are found in Europe and America, the majority are found in Asia.
It is not known where the first goats originated from, although there are drawings of goats in caves thought to be thousands of years old. They are farmed worldwide for their meat, milk and coats. There is more goats milk drunk throughout the world than cows. Billy goats have scent glands and smell. The odour is worse during breeding season and they often urinate on their front legs and beards. Both male and female goats have beards.
Goats have a lower set of teeth which meet a hard pad in the upper jaw. Kids have 8 small, sharp teeth in their lower front jaw, and like children, when their baby teeth fall out they are replaced by permanent teeth. The age of a goat can often be closely determined by their teeth. Goats, like the octopus, have rectangular pupils and are thought to have excellent night vision.