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Cows

Order:

Herd

Male:

Bull

Female:

Heifer

Young:

Calf

Lifespan:

15 - 25 years

Gestation:

9 months

Distribution:

Worldwide

Habitat:

Grass lands

Diet:

Herbivorous - Grasses

Conservation Status:

Domesticated
Facts

One of the most common animals in the world, found in almost all the countries, a cow is responsible for supplying around 90 percent of the dairy needs of the world population.

The lactation period, or the length of time a cow can produce milk before having another calf, is 305 days.

In 305 days, a good dairy cow can produce 37,216 glasses of milk!

Cattle are also farmed for a number of agricultural products including meat. Meat from adult cattle is known as beef and meat from calves is known as veal.

A cow (or bull) does not bite grass but curls their tongue around it. It has only one stomach, but the stomach has four compartments (our stomach only has one). The four compartmentsare called the rumen, reticulum, omasum and abomasum. All that chewing and chewing that cattle do is called ruminating or chewing cud. After they have swallowed their food, they bring it back into their mouth to chew it again. Ruminating and sending the food through the four compartments makes it possible for cattle to eat foods like hay and grass. We couldn’t eat what cows eat, because our stomachs can’t digest or process that kind of food.

Cattle are sacred in India there an estimated 300 million cattle in India and well over 1 billion cattle in the world.

 

Did you know?

Cattle are red/green colour blind. Disputing the myth that if you are wearing red they will charge.